10 steps to perform an oral cancer screening.

Cases of oral cancer have been increasing day by day. Here are 10 steps to perform an oral cancer screening:

1. Extraoral examination

The outer structures surrounding the mouth are examined first.

  • The face: Symptoms include discoloration, swelling or even alteration in the structure of the face.
  • The eyes: Even eyes can be swollen so as to display the early signs of cancer. Patients are asked to move their eyes from one direction to another to note their health.
  • The ears and nose: Nose is touched and felt by the doctors to assure that no variation is present. Ears are tested by talking to the patient and evaluating the working of the acoustic nerve.
  • The neck: Some portion of the neck would turn immobile or abnormally inflate itself to serve as a warning.
  • The thyroid: Locating the thyroid is itself a task. Once located, dentists should try finding out whether any accumulation of mass is felt.
  • The lips: At first, the labial mucosa is inspected to ensure its uniformity in colour. Next, the outer lips are palpated by the dentist to look out for any symptom of oral cancer.

2. Intraoral cavity examination

After a thorough extraoral examination, intraoral cavity examination is initiated.

  • Buccal mucosa: The lining starting from the cheek continuing to the rear of the lips should be examined properly. Change in colour or texture should be noted as symptoms.
  • Tongue: If the tongue reveals inflammation, bruising or spots, the patient might suffer from cancer.
  • Floor of the mouth: Dentists remove the tongue from the U-shaped area of the mouth to discover symptoms of oral cancer.
  • Hard and soft palate: Presence of red or white spots on the hard and soft palate is enough to conclude that the patient is prone to cancer.
  • Tonsils: Patients have to open their mouth and slowly inhale and exhale air. This allows the doctor to notice any irregularity and thereby, detect cancer.

Oral cancer screening requires well-qualified and experienced dentists. Some of the best dentists can be found at Charm Dental (Spring). Ask them for a check-up soon.

How Socket Preservation Helps After A Tooth Extraction

When the dentist in Spring extracts tooth irrespective of whether it is an impacted wisdom tooth or a severely decayed molar, it leaves behind a small hole. This spot can be very sensitive and the dentists recommend socket preservation to go along with your extraction. It’s important to protect the socket after tooth extraction for many reasons.

Avoiding a Dry Socket

One of the reasons for protecting the socket is avoiding development of a dry socket. Dry socket can form if the blood clot protecting the healing area is knocked loose, exposing the nerve beneath it. It’s important to protect the socket as it preserves the bone, which surrounds the roots of the teeth in which they are attached to. The dentist will make sure that there is sufficient bone level to replace the removed tooth in future.

What Socket Preservation Does

There is a possibility for the bone, which previously supported the tooth to melt away once the tooth is removed as it doesn’t serve the purpose anymore. When the bone fades away, other teeth can move out of the alignment. This is why socket preservation is done at the time of tooth extraction itself. The socket preservation involves placing a bone graft into the socket.

Do You Need It?

The goal of socket preservation is improving the appearance of remaining teeth and gums and making the procedure of getting implants easier. Many dentists don’t offer the procedure at the time of tooth extraction as they may not consider it to be a valuable procedure.

However, some studies show that socket preservation helps in reducing horizontal or vertical changes in the alveolar ridge near the site of tooth extraction.

Care After Extraction

It’s important to take good care of the area around the socket as it’s important after tooth extraction. The dentist will suggest you to brush your teeth with an extra-soft toothbrush for at least a day after extraction. Smoking, eating hard foods and using a straw are not recommended for some days after the tooth extraction.

Socket preservation makes the recovery faster and retains your dental health.

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